We believe that the greatest innovations in agriculture often come from the past, where our ancestors carefully selected the seeds that would provide for their families and communities in the years to come. So it’s no surprise that when we talk about sustainability, organic land management, and carbon emission reductions, some of the best solutions are waiting to be dug out of the historical plant archives and put into practice.
For thousands of years, hulled oats were grown primarily to feed to horses, but naked oats were the grain of choice across Asia and Europe for milling into flakes. Their higher protein levels, antioxidants, and nutty flavour made them the top choice for porridge. But another factor was the processing: naked oats can be milled and rolled into flakes without steaming, whereas conventional oats need to be steamed or roasted in order to remove the hull and to prevent them from going rancid.
But sadly, naked oats fell out of vogue in the 1800s, and factors like higher yields and durability in transit became more important, and industrial processing because easier. Over 95% of oats grown in North America were fed to livestock, so it was easier to grow just one type of oat and scalp off a few to mill for human consumption. Naked oats were abandoned.
But a resurgence of interest in reducing our carbon footprint (steam treating oats is an energy-intensive process!) and a good ol’fashioned preference for taste over a long shelf-life, has led to a few farms and mills, scattered haphazardly around the world, still using naked oats. We’re proud to be one of them!
Because our Naked Oats are not heat treated in the milling process, they are somewhat more sensitive to moisture in storage. Under certain conditions (high moisture levels), a bitter flavour can develop as the oats oxidize. To ensure that you have the freshest and highest quality product possible, we recommend using our product within 1 year of milling (this date is printed on the bottom of each package), or within 2 months of opening the package. However, these dates are just guidelines. If a package has been sealed and kept dry, they will remain fresh and tasty much longer!
Another oddity – our oats do not play nicely on the playground with coconut oil. For some unknown reason, there is a strange reaction that often occurs when naked oats and coconut oil are combined. This doesn’t seem to happen with regular oats, so perhaps is because of the lack of heat processing, or perhaps because of the higher protein content of naked oats. We haven’t entirely figured it out yet, but have been doing some shelf-life testing to help us figure out who is bullying who, and whether we can help them sort out their differences and live happily together. But in the meantime, give them some space…
Rolled, Steel Cut or Quick Cooking? What’s the difference anyways?
We mill three different ‘styles’ of oats, but sometimes we get ahead of ourselves. Isn’t an oat an oat?
Our traditional large-flake rolled oats are produced by flattening the oat groats between two large rollers, which exposes the inside of the oat groat and allows them to cook and soften quickly. This makes them great for porridge, baking, and granolas, and offer a texture that is versatile for a huge variety of recipes. Rolled oats are our super-star.
Steel Cut Oats have the same nutritional value and benefits, but are produced by cutting the oat groat into two or three pieces with steel blades rather then flattening them with rollers. The result is an oat with a unique texture that makes a wonderful slow cooking porridge, smooth and creamy while still retaining some of the original ‘crunch’ of a minimally processed oat. But not so great for baking with…
Our Quick Cooking Oats are milled by first chopping our oats into small pieces (steel cut) and then rolling them as thin as possible to expose more surface area, which allows them to cook quicker and bind together easier when baking. Unlike ‘instant’ or conventionally milled quick oats, these oats are not steam processed, and the nutritional value is not altered in any way. We like to use quick cooking oats in muffins, breads, cookies, pancakes and squares, or to replace up to 1/3 of the wheat flour in any recipe that needs a flavour and nutrition boost! But they take a bit of extra caution, because exposing more of the inner germ exposes more of the oat to moisture and oxygen, which can lead to rancidity more quickly. We could solve this by steam-processing them,
And here’s where we throw things for a loop. Because our “naked” oats loose their hulls without abrasive dehulling, we are able to keep them in their whole form. They look a bit like a grain of rice. Actually, they cook and taste a bit like a grain of rice too! So we’ve blended them together with our other-favourite-rice-imposter (Wild Rice, grown in NW Ontario) and the end result is an oat that acts like rice, and works beautifully in stews and soups, casseroles and risottos, side-dishes and salads. Our kids are groaning already, because if oatmeal for breakfast 6 days a week isn’t enough, now they have oats for supper too! But we’re pretty happy with it, because rice can be a convenient filler, but it comes up lacking on the nutrition side of the coin.